Guest Post by Sufiyan Bhoira

The Final Sermon and Stories to inspire delivered 1400 years back and why it's still remembered even today.

Right at the end of his life and in his very final moments The Prophet may the mercy and blessing of God be upon him (Pbuh) said

"The prayer, the prayer! And fear your lord with regard to those whom your right hands possess.” 

That defined him, even in his final moments he is caring for those who are with him and those to come after, for indeed he wasn't only send to Muslims but for the whole of human kind and he knew if we prayed 5times a day it would remind us of whom we ought to return and why we were living in the first place.

In his final farewell speech he (pbuh) reminded the Muslims who were with him on hajj by saying

"Regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners"

Remember the prophet wasn't the prophet for the first 40 years of his life, he lived a normal life like anybody, he earned his reputation and was known as 'The most Trusted and Truthful one' - people would leave their belongings to him until they returned, it so happened that after he preached the monotheism and was forced to flee his own city and place yet he made sure the properties that he had of others were handed to their rightful owners

Let's reflect on how the Companions of the Prophet (pbuh) The sahaba's showed love to the property they owned.

When they were asked to bring forth what they could for the sake of their lord.

Abu Bakr (R.A) came with his sacrifice and Umar (R.A) came with his, Umar felt happy because he thought he had got more than what it seemed Abu Bakr had come with but when he realised Abu Bakr had come with everything he had and had left nothing back at home whereas he (Umar) had come with half and had left the remaining half at home, was upset he couldn't beat his brother in good deeds. Companions would try and outdo one another to perform good deeds.

In his final sermon He (pbuh) said,

"Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you"

Simple but has profound meaning, words do wonders, your words make your character and reflect your personality.

There was once a neighbour of the prophet (pbuh) who would throw garbage right outside his house and every single day he would pick up the rubbish and dispose off, it continued for a while until one day he realised his neighbour didn't throw the garbage and he went to check 'out of concern' and he saw his neighbour was sick, he helped until his neighbour recovered and this, didn’t just change the attitude of the neighbour but rather made him accept the message that Prophet (pbuh) came with.

Another instance where he helped an aged women carry her luggage to her destination and as they kept walking the women kept complaining of a prophet by the name Mohammed who she thought was a magician and she went on ridiculing him until they reached, all this while the prophet (pbuh) kept quiet and never uttered a word, when it was time to bid goodbye the women asked for his name saying "O kind soul tell me your name" and he replied 'I am Mohammed (pbuh) whom you were complaining about, she was in complete shock and in awe of prophet Mohammed's behaviour towards her

Michael H.Hart in his book ranks Prophet Muhammed (pbuh) as 1st among the top 100 most influential figures in the history.

In his final sermon, he (pbuh) said "God has forbidden you to take usury (interest), therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived. Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity"

Interest is forbidden just as Alcohol is.

The Companions narrate, when the verses in Quran were revealed on the prohibition of Alcohol, the lanes of Madina were flowing with Alcohol.

A companion by the name 'Abu Mihjan' although being extremely pious was fighting hard against Alcohol.

When the Muslim army was appointed to go on a battle, his name didn't appear because the army chief thought he was drunk most of the time and Abu Mihjan pleaded "let me fight in the cause of my lord" and to be part of the group but the army left without him and the chief tied up Abu Mihjan in the chambers next to his house, Abu Mihjan's weeping was heard by the wife of the chief of the army, he promised her to return back and tie himself up once the fight was over and he would cover his face so that no one would recognize him, hearing his promise, chief's wife set him free.
Abu Mihjan fought like a swift warrior and surprised everyone including the chief but he was nowhere to be found after the war was over.

Chief discussed about this warrior at home where his wife tells him it was Abu Mihjan.

The Chief goes to Abu Mihjan hugs him and releases him and Abu Mihjan from that time onwards never once touched the Alcohol for he knew he had nearly missed the chance of fighting in the cause of his lord.

No. of Companions who initially found it difficult giving up Alcohol eventually succeeded and in the span of few years it was as if Alcohol never existed in their life.

He (pbuh) reminded on the rights of WOMEN in his final public speech too.

"It is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women and they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under the trust from God and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness.

Treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with any one of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste"

In the Qur'an, it is said that on the day of Judgment "buried girls" (During pre-Islamic times young girls who were buried alive) will rise out of their graves and ask for what crime they were killed. Part of Muhammad's (pbuh) legacy was to end infanticide and establish explicit rights for women.
Islam teaches that men and women are equal before God. It grants women divinely sanctioned inheritance, property, social and marriage rights, including the right to reject the terms of a proposal and to initiate divorce

Prophet (pbuh) was orphaned at an early age. He once remarked that, "Heaven lies at the feet of mothers." And He who brings up his daughter/s well, provide them with good upbringing and marries them off well will be standing next to me in jannah"

In Islam, the position of a mother is more glorified even preceding that of a father.

Before the age of Islam women were a very miserable species; considered as vile creatures of lesser origin, fit only as lust quenchers, with no rights and will of their own.

In the Quran, Allah says “O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will.”
“…And thou shalt not treat them with harshness, that thou may take away part of the mahr thou hath given them, unless they commit open illegal sexual intercourse. And live with them honourably.”

An incident as mentioned in the Quran

Where a women came to the Prophet (pbuh) Saying "I am Complaining to Allah of what my husband is taunting me and now that I have gone old and cannot bore children's for him further, he is insulting me by saying "You are like the back of my mother" (which meant I am not interested in you anymore and that you are like my mother) this also meant more or less 'I am divorcing you' (in the back old days of ignorance) and after saying that he wanted to have relations with me but I refused and have come to you"

Prophet (pbuh) in the beginning tried to console her and pacified her to make amends with her husband and asked her to return back to her husband and she agreed and felt better that it was the prophet of Allah consoling her But as she prepared to leave, the Prophet (pbuh) called her back saying Allah has heard your plea and has revealed verses in the Quran.

Until this day when one reads the Quran, he goes through the story of the women by the name 'Khawala Bint Tha'laba (R.A.)

The story continues where Allah laid out the punishments which the man goes through if he ever utters such words.

(If you are interested please let me know in the comments below, shall mention the story in complete details)

Point here is, the position of women in Islam is very noble, packed with honor, gentleness and attributes absolute dignities towards them.

Islam abolished the Racism and he (pbuh) reminded in his final sermon too when he said

"All mankind is from Adam and Eve. An Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab, nor does a non-Arab have any superiority over an Arab; a white has no superiority over a black, nor does a black have any superiority over a white; [none have superiority over another] except by piety and good action"

Bilal, (R.A) the Companion was a dark complexion and initially was a slave and had to undergo extreme torture, was laid bare chest in the hot desert sand and had heavy boulders kept on him because he would say ' The One, One' (when he was later asked why he said that, he would say "that's all I knew of Allah")

Was later purchased and released by Abu Bakr, the companion of prophet (pbuh).

Bilal held one of the highest positions in Islam, he was the caller at the time of the prayer.

Years later when Prophet (pbuh) had conquered Makkah, Bilal was asked to make Azaan from the Kaba, but few people around were shocked that Bilal, who was a slave and a black man was given this lofty position and it didn’t go down well with the chiefs of the tribes present then, it was the Prophet (pbuh) who made sure that Racism saw its end.

He (pbuh) said, put great emphasis on seeking knowledge and education.

Travel for Knowledge and question for good.

Islam has made seeking knowledge necessary and not doing so is considered as a major sin. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said “Seeking knowledge is an obligation upon every Muslim”

And he also said;

Whoever treads a path in seeking knowledge, Allah will make it easy for him the path to Paradise"
There is a great mention of the famous Sahaba, Salman Al Farsi (R.A) (was Persian) who travelled extensively and mastered the religions that were prevalent then until he found the mention of the coming of Prophet Muhammed in the bible and set out in search of the location as mention in the bible until he reached Madina and he confirmed on the signs to check and test if the prophet was indeed the prophet(ﷺpbuh) as mentioned in the holy books that came before Quran.

From being Zorastrian he moved to Christianity and later settled being a Muslim until he was convinced that Islam was the religion of truth and Prophet Muhammed (pbuh) was indeed the prophet of Allah.

He (pbuh) completed his mission of being a prophet when he said

"O People, no prophet or apostle will come after me, and no new faith will be born.  Reason well, therefore, O people, understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the Quran and my example, the Sunnah, and if you follow these you will never go astray.

He said, Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion.  He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things.

One day you will appear before God and answer for your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after you are guided and after I am gone

Worship God, perform your five daily prayers, fast during the month of Ramadan, and offer Zakat and Perform Hajj if you have the means.

All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and it may be that the last ones understand my words better than those who listen to me directly. Be my witness, O God, that I have conveyed your message to your people."

6 months after this message was delivered, he left for heavenly abode.

About the Author

Sufiyan Bhoira is currently a student of Islam and Quran aspiring to be a 'daee' in the field of dawah (dawah - walking on the path of the prophet Muhammed).


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